United Kingdom • Country sheet • PopulationData.net

Official name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Proper noun United Kingdom
Continent Europe
Subcontinent Europe (outside the European Union)
Population (winners: 22e) 66,465,641 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth 0.64% / year
Area 242,545 km²
Density 274.03 inhabitants / km²
GDP (winners: 5e) $2,825.208 billion (2018)
GDP/capita (rankings) $42,491 (2018)
GDP growth 1.40% / year (2018)
Life expectancy (rankings) 81.20 years (2018)
Birth-rate 12.00‰ (2014)
Fertility rate 1.83 children/woman (2014)
Mortality rate (rankings) 8.80‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (rankings) 3.50‰ (2015)
Literacy rate 100.00% (2018)
Official languages English (de facto)
Change British pound (£GBP)
HDI (winnings: 25e) 0.920/1 (2018)
PEI (winnings) 79.89 (2018)
Nature of State Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system
Head of state Queen Elizabeth II; Prime Minister Boris Johnson
National Holiday No national holiday, but the Queen’s birthday, April 21, 1926
Codes ISO GB, GBR
Kind British
Tourists (list) 37,651,000 people (2017)

UK – small

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The United Kingdom leaves the European Union

the UK is a country in Western Europe whose territory includes the island of Great Britain and the northern part of the island of Ireland, the country with which it has a border, as well as many small islands around the ‘archipelago. It is located opposite France, accessible via the Channel Tunnel, Belgium and the Netherlands. It is made up of four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

London, capital of the United Kingdom
London, capital of the United Kingdom. Photo: Daniel Chapma, Wikipedia

After years during which the entire country began to decline demographically, the recovery has begun since 2000. Immigration is now the main driver of this demographic growth, which reaches 0.65% per year on average (2017) , particularly from Eastern European countries.
And recently, the birth rate has also picked up in the United Kingdom, even if global aging will remain inevitable for the next few decades. In 2017, it surpassed 66 million for the first time. However, Brexit is likely to disrupt this new pattern, and will certainly curb immigration, at least from the European Union. Many Europeans present in the United Kingdom are also at risk of leaving the country in the years to come because of this vote in favor of Brexit.

Loch Lubnaig, Callander, Scotland, UK
Loch Lubnaig, Callander, Scotland, UK. Source: Wildlife Archives

An underdeveloped country during the 1980s and 1990s due to Margaret Thatcher’s relentless austerity policies, which saw millions of people fall into poverty, the UK is now experiencing a second wind , which propels it into the countries with the highest level of wealth in Europe. It has in fact reconverted its industrial economy into a dynamic economy based on services, notably finance. A conversion that has accentuated inequalities.
Since the vote for Brexit and the country’s exit from the European Union on January 31, 2020, the outlook for the future has darkened somewhat.
An important power within Europe, the United Kingdom still dreams of recovering its status as a major world power. But with the arrival in force of the Asian giants, it is an impossible bet to hold in the long term.

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Urban areas (2016)
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Administrative divisions
Constituent nations Population Area
England (England) 55,619,430 inhabitants 130,310 km²
Scotland (Scotland) 5,424,800 inhabitants 77,911 km²
Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland) 1,870,834 inhabitants 13,588 km²
Wales (Wales) 3,125,165 inhabitants 20,736 km²
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